Brain Injuries » Effects

As the brain is the control centre for everything we do, think and feel, brain injuries can result in many kinds of physical, cognitive and behavioral / emotional impairments, and interfere with the brain’s ability to perform any of its tasks. These impairments may be permanent or temporary. While each brain injury is a unique event with a unique set of effects, there are some common difficulties arising from brain injuries:

Physical

  • movement problems
  • coordination and balance problems
  • full or partial paralysis
  • chronic pain
  • fatigue
  • seizures
  • sleep problems

Sensory

  • impairment of sense of smell and/or taste
  • vision or hearing difficulties

Communication

  • impaired speech
  • word-finding problems
  • difficulty understanding oral, written or non-verbal language

Emotional

  • difficulty expressing emotions appropriately
  • mood swings
  • easily frustrated
  • anger management
  • depression

Cognitive

  • slowed information processing
  • memory loss
  • memory-processing problems
  • problems with concentration and attention
  • impaired judgment
  • problem-solving difficulties
  • social behavioural problems